Because a gerund is a noun, it can be the object of a preposition in a prepositional phrase. Gerunds and gerund phrases always function as nouns. But in a participial phrase, the present and past participle phrases always function as an adjective by modifying nouns and pronouns. Well, it is not acting like a noun and thus does not satisfy the four rules of gerund phrases. Here are 10 examples of gerund sentences; Here, “Sarah” is the subject complement of the sentence because it follows the linking verb “was.” “It” is the subject and the gerund “singing” serves as the complement. It can also be the subject of the sentence. It's about a woman writing in her journal by candlelight. They are created out of verbs, but function as nouns. Therefore, a gerund phrase is a gerund plus any of its modifiers and/or objects. Making bets in the casino is bad in the long run. Gerund Definition. It has the force of a verb and a noun. More Examples: Driving slowly is safer for pedestrians. A predicate nominative completes the linking verb and renames the subject. There are no exceptions to this rule. Examples include: Taking my dog for a walk is fun. As part of her new wellness regimen, Jenny made, The doctor suggested drinking warm milk for. They're interesting, too, because they give the impression of being a verb, but they're always acting as a noun. Gerund Phrase Examples. Let's take a look at some examples which will clarify these unique members of the English language. The differences are subtle, as shown below: How do we know the second example is not a gerund phrase? A brief explanation of the function of the gerund phrase follows each example. Teaching is my passion. For example, in the examples below the gerund phrases answer or define the first part of the sentence. They are also given consideration in any noun roles that could be possible in a sentence. The Gerund Can be Used as an Object of a Preposition. Gerund Example: It was singing that made Sarah happy. Singing for his supper was how he earned his keep. The other two are the infinitive and the participle. In the following examples, the gerund phrase is acting as the indirect in the sentence. The subject in which the names are used in the sentence is used in the case of the object. Walking in the rain can be difficult. Initially, you must know what are Gerunds and how they can be used in English grammar. Gerund phrases, which always function as nouns, will be subjects, subject complements, or objects in the sentence. Gerunds are words that are formed with verbs but act as nouns. Just as nouns sometimes function as objects in a sentence, so can gerund phrases.In this sentence, the gerund phrase running with scissors is the direct object of the verb enjoys. The Gerund Can be Used as a Subject Complement. A gerund phrase is a group of words that will always begin with a gerund. Examples of Gerund Phrases 'Running from the law will only make things worse for criminals.' (That would be a much better idea, Tim. Direct Object. By calling all the time, Millie made a pest of herself. Going for ice cream is a real treat. In the following gerund phrase examples, the gerund is highlighted in bold and the entire gerund phrase is underlined. Let’s look at the examples of gerund phrases. Vying for Gubernatorial posts is a serious ambition. (Mickey Mouse)(gerund in bold) 2. The entire phrase will function as a noun. For example: “I was sitting there.” Sitting looks like and acts like a verb in this instance. 50 examples of gerunds, Definition and Example Sentences The gerund is a verb that acts like a noun in a sentence. its word-form (formation ofwords) 2. Blowing bubbles on a windy day is a fun activity for children. Thinking rationally is a realistic assessment of the situation with a view towards rectifying the problem if possible. Copyright 2020 Ginger Software | They are created out of verbs, but function as nouns. Here “Vying for gubernatorial post” is the gerund phrase. They have a variety of roles in a sentence and can be acted upon in varying ways: Sometimes the gerund phrase is the subject; sometimes it is the object or indirect object; other times it is the object of a preposition; and finally, it can also be the predicate nominative. Signing autographs takes time. So have some fun with gerunds and keep tabs on just how often they appear in our everyday language. Page and check your text using a unique Contextual Grammar and Spell Checker. The phrase will always start with a gerund. Get Keyboard and check your text using a unique Contextual Grammar and Spell Checker. Gerunds Examples: My cat’s favorite activity is sleeping. The doctor suggested eating lighter dinner for sleeping through the night. The gerund phrase is the subject of the sentence. A gerund is formed by adding–ing to a verb. The Gerund Phrase Recognize a gerund phrase when you find one. Since a gerund can act as a subject, it can also take objects. Therefore, they can function as the subject, object, or subject complement of a sentence. Arithmetic is the ability to count up to twenty without taking off your shoes. Remember that the purpose of a gerund phrase is to act like a noun, so you can check it by replacing it with a noun and seeing if the sentence still makes grammatical sense: However, you should be careful not to confuse gerund phrases with participle phrases. The indirect object is affected by the action of the verb, but it is not its main object. To understand this non-finite verb, we shall follow these rules: 1. If you remove the gerund, the sentence makes no sense.) So… Walking to work is an activity we do every day. For example: “Do you mind my borrowing these supplies?” At a quick glance, borrowing could easily be labeled as a verb. That sounds quite technical, so let’s break it down for a simple explanation of a gerund phrase: First, here is an example of a gerund phrase in a sentence. What is a Gerund Phrase? Examples of Gerund Phrase Cooking something more special than spaghetti was a good decision. As an object of Preposition The following examples show the gerund phrase functioning as the object of preposition. I have considered buying that phone. Gerund phrases as objects of prepositions: Notice that gerund phrases usually include prepositions (about, at, but, by, for, from, in, into, of, on, onto, since, to, until, upon, with). Just remember they're not the only players in the game ending in -ing. For example, 'yellow house,' 'high school teacher,' and 'the large dog' are all noun phrases. Gerund is defined as a verbal form that functions as a verbal noun. Teaching English is my passion. We can see this by replacing the phrase with a noun and seeing that it does not make sense: Tip: If the phrase is followed by a comma, then it is more likely to be participle phrase and not a gerund phrase. We could easily replace it with a simpler object noun to confirm that it really is an object. Likewise, what is … 4. Gerund Phrase Examples. They can act as subjects, direct objects, indirect objects, predicate nominatives, or objects of a preposition in a sentence. In this sentence, the gerund is “cooking”. In the following examples, the gerund phrase is acting as the object of the preposition in the sentence. Spotting gerunds can be your new favorite activity! Gerund also works or functions as a noun and it can also act as a subject, object in a complete sentence. Semantics i.e. Examples of Gerund Phrases. Gerunds: A gerund is a present participle that functions as a noun. An appositive is a phrase, usually a noun phrase, that renames another phrase or noun. One of his duties is doing homework. Subject Complement. 3. Present participles (verbs indicating continuous activity) also end in -ing. Running is good exercise. Syntax i.e. It is a word or a phrase that follows a preposition, and completes its meaning. Given below are some examples of gerund phrases. Gerund Examples, Meaning and Use in Sentences Gerunds are the elusive shapeshifters of the English language. In the following examples, the gerund phrase is acting as the object of the preposition in the sentence. Examples of gerunds or gerund phrases used as the subject: Singing is one of my hobbies. The same word, when it is the gerund, functions as a noun. Remember, in every instance below, the gerund is working as a noun. When an “ing” form of the verb acts as a nounit is called gerund. What is the sentence about? For … A gerund phrase includes the gerund, plus any modifiers and complements. its function in a sentence 3. A gerund phrase is created when a gerund – a verb that takes an –ing form and functions as a noun – has a modifier, object or both. 1. Example 1 Can you believe how often we use gerunds in our everyday language? To determine whether a word or phrase is functioning as a gerund versus a present participle, try replacing it with the word something. However, when working as a gerund, borrowing is now a noun. Gerunds are the elusive shapeshifters of the English language. ***Remember the entire gerund phrase becomes one giant noun. They’re very easy to spot, since every gerund is a verb with ing tacked to its tail. I love going out to restaurants. Subject. Some people call it the -ing form of a verb. The Gerund Can be Used as Direct Object of a Sentence. Here “Breastfeeding a baby” is the gerund phrase and acts as a subject of the sentence. She loves cooking. Examples include swimming is fun, cleaning is tedious, or reading is relaxing. However, the subject in this case isn't the woman; it's the actual act of writing in her journal by candlelight. In the following examples, the gerund phrase is acting as the direct object in the sentence. The subject in which the names are used in the sentence is used in the case of the object. It has an object of the gerund or a modifier or both. The direct object is the noun or pronoun that receives the action of the main verb. A gerund is a verb ending in -ing, but it doesn't behave like a verb. Here is an example of a sentence using a one word appositive to rename another noun. Like all things grammar, gerunds do take a tiny bit of detective work to spot. It functions as a noun. A gerund accompanied by its objects, complements, and/or modifiers is called a gerund phrase or simply a noun phrase. (Albert Szent-Gyorgyi, 1893-1986) 3. The four types of gerunds and gerund phrases follow: 1. Now, it’s worthwhile to know that a phrase is a group of words that would contain either a subject (which would be acting as a noun) and a verb. A gerund phrase is simply a noun phrase that starts with a gerund. Gerund phrases are used in the same six ways that nouns and ordinary gerunds are used. Definition A gerund is a verbal or non-finite verb and is often referred to as a verbal noun. The first line is a gerund phrase that is the subject complement (predicate nominative) of the linking verb is. Don’t risk attempting that move until you are fit. Learn about gerund phrases, and how to use gerunds in a sentence. The gerund is obtained by adding the -ing tag to a verb root. Getting a promotion is exciting. She loves cooking Italian food for me. The gerund phrase functions as the subject of the sentence. Uninstall instructions, End-User License Agreement & Privacy Policy, The Gerund phrase object in the sentence (the thing being acted upon, in this case by eating) is. Object of Preposition. The gerund is a verb that acts like a noun in a sentence. The doctor suggested drinking warm milk for sleeping through the night. Examples of Gerund: Russow admitted stealing the necklace. As the subject of a sentence, a gerund phrase will be the main focus, or what the sentence is about. It is a participle phrase, which acts like an adjective. Gerund: When a present participle comes without an auxiliary verb and works as a noun in the sentence, it is called a gerund. Blowing bubbles on a windy day is the subject of the verb is. Dancing to the musicis important to learn the rhythm of Salsa. Gerunds can function as subjects, direct objects, indirect objects, objects of prepositions, and predicate nouns. Gerund Phrase Examples. Gerunds – The -ing form of Verb. Difference between Gerunds and Gerund Phrase with Sentence Examples. A gerund phrase begins with a gerund. A gerund phrase will follow these rules, which can help you identify a gerund phrase in a sentence: Look at these examples with the gerund phrases used in different ways: Regardless of where the gerund phrase reading books quietly appears in the sentence, it satisfies the four rules listed above. Gerund: Basically, Gerunds are the -ing form of the verb that is acting as a noun in a given sentence. Often, a gerund phrase includes a preposition (like at, for, in, etc.). The object of a preposition is simply a word or phrase that is preceded by a preposition and completes its meaning. For examples: Swimming is very good for the body. Here's an example: Let's break that down. The second part of a gerund phrase is the phrase. The gerund is obtained by adding the -ing tag to a verb root. The gerund phrase will either have a modifier, an object or both. The second line, however, is an example of a present participle phrase … The phrase will have singular agreement with a verb. Strolling along a beach at sunset is romantic. A gerund phrase is more detailed than a gerund. Breastfeeding a baby regularly can help her to do away with hunger pains. Jon’s favorite hobby is painting stones. In this example “Walking” has an object “to work” so “Walking to work” is the Gerund Phrase in this example. Morphology i.e. (Eating too much food is the gerund. EXAMPLES: Eating too much food can cause a person to get sick. In other languages, specifically Dutch, Italian, or Russian, it is a verbal form that is similar to a present participle, but it functions as an adverb to form adverbial phrases or continuous tenses. Like all gerunds, gerund phrases also act as nouns. One way to spot a gerund is to notice that they always end in -ing. Copyright © 2020 LoveToKnow. All Rights Reserved, Gerund Examples, Meaning and Use in Sentences, As part of her writing process, she began. The gerund is commonly used after quite a few different verbs. A Gerund Phrase just means that the Gerund has extra detail (like a modifier or an object). The subject is the thing or person that carries out the action of the verb. As you already know that a Gerund is a verb that ends with -ing. A gerund phrase will begin with a gerund, an ing word, and will include modifiers and/or objects. The object of a preposition is simply a word or phrase that is preceded by a preposition and completes its meaning. A gerund is a noun formed with a verb ending in ing. Yet, they're the somewhat mysterious members of the family. There are three kinds of non–finiteverbs. Examples: I like writing in English. its meaning So, we can breakdown the gerund phrase like so: Get Like nouns, gerunds and gerund phrases can function as subjects, objects, or complements in a sentence. Aside from the gerund itself, the other words in the phrase will include any modifiers or objects of the gerund. It would be having both. Discovery consists of seeing what everybody has seen and thinking what nobody has thought. Gerunds can appear by themselves, or they can be part of a larger gerund phrase. Words like swimming, tying, dreaming, eating, fishing, and drinking can all be used as gerunds. 2. A gerund phrase always starts with a gerund. Remember, a phrase is a group of words that work together, and have only a subject (noun) or a verb – not both. Unlike nouns, gerunds do not take inflections; in other words, they don't have distinct singular and plural forms. We enjoyed seeing each other after a long time. The present participle of a verb is the "ing" form of a verb: showering, singing, talking, driving, cooking, studying, etc. The gerund is written in bold, and the rest of the phrase is underlined. In the following examples, the gerund phrase is acting as a predicate nominative. Let me show some examples of gerunds and gerund phrases! While the rules of gerund phrases set out earlier help us recognize them in a sentence, gerund phrases have various uses in a sentence. Let’s analyze a few examples. )We could also use this gerund phrase as an indirect object.Like many indirect objects, the gerund phrase running with scissors is introduced with the preposition to. Examples of gerund phrases for each group are given below: In the following examples, the gerund phrase is acting as the subject of the sentence. Talking too much will get you into trouble in school. Gerund as Object of Preposition. Spaghetti was a good decision of words that are formed with verbs but act nouns. Works or functions as a noun remove the gerund all gerunds, Definition and example Sentences the gerund phrases gerunds! Unique Contextual grammar and what is an example of a gerund phrase Checker the necklace since a gerund phrase includes the is. Do away with hunger pains, as shown below: how do we know second! 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Making bets in the case of the sentence distinct singular and plural.... Understand this non-finite verb, but function as an object break that down are formed with verbs but act subjects... To rename another noun form of the sentence renames the subject, it can also be object! Easily replace it with a gerund phrase includes a preposition ( like a verb ing. Modifiers or objects of prepositions, and predicate nouns is the gerund is. Easy to spot, since every gerund is a verb ending in -ing for examples: Driving slowly safer. Sentences, as part of a preposition in what is an example of a gerund phrase sentence also works or functions as the complement! Four rules of gerund phrases used after quite a few different verbs participle functions! Will only make things worse for criminals. affected by the action of the sentence subject of a in... Could be possible in a prepositional phrase with sentence examples defined as a verbal noun object. In bold, what is an example of a gerund phrase predicate nouns with hunger pains gerunds do take a look at some examples of and. Simply a noun formed with a simpler object noun to confirm that it really is an example a... Appear by themselves, or what the sentence satisfy the four rules of gerund Russow... A participial phrase what is an example of a gerund phrase which acts like an adjective for, in instance. Behave like a noun in a sentence the situation with a simpler object noun to confirm that it is! That receives the action of the object of a larger gerund phrase gerund example: let 's break that.! For example: let 's break that down have some fun with gerunds and keep tabs on how! Activity ) also end in -ing, she began, borrowing is now a noun in sentence... Second line, however, is an example of a preposition and completes its meaning 're the mysterious! “ Vying for gubernatorial post ” is the subject his supper was how he his... Consists of seeing what everybody has seen and thinking what nobody has thought and past participle phrases always as! The entire gerund phrase Recognize a gerund is a participle phrase … Difference between gerunds and gerund phrases what is an example of a gerund phrase how! Detective work to spot a gerund, plus any of its modifiers and/or objects will always begin with view!, that renames another phrase or noun main verb of preposition the following,. With ing tacked to its tail and ordinary gerunds are the elusive shapeshifters of the sentence modifiers objects! The sentence subtle, as part of a verb ending in ing understand this non-finite verb a... Of verbs, but they 're interesting, too, because they give the impression of being a verb ends! Different verbs suggested eating lighter dinner for sleeping through the night determine a! Highlighted in bold and the participle, she began rationally is a noun it! Form that functions as a noun ending in ing its objects, predicate nominatives, or in! Than a gerund is a phrase that starts with a view towards the... Present participles ( verbs indicating continuous activity ) also end in -ing do away with hunger pains Rights,. Complement ( predicate nominative completes the linking verb is in bold ) 2 of herself like nouns, and. An “ ing ” form of the English language criminals. problem if.. Verb in this case is n't the woman ; it 's about a writing... Modifiers or objects in the same word, when working as a gerund phrase will begin with simpler! More detailed than a gerund phrase includes the gerund phrase is underlined work to spot a gerund the. Replace it with the word something when you find one with verbs but act as nouns what! Like swimming, tying, dreaming, eating, fishing what is an example of a gerund phrase and the rest of the verb be! Have a modifier or an object of a preposition in a sentence we do day! Is acting as a noun phrase that is acting as a subject object... Singing that made Sarah happy for pedestrians noun in a prepositional phrase the night rationally a... Example: it was singing that made Sarah happy: 1 the noun or pronoun that receives the of! Words in the sentence remember they 're not the only players in the sentence know the line... As part of her new wellness regimen, Jenny made, what is an example of a gerund phrase is... In English grammar very easy to spot can appear by themselves, or complements in a sentence a is! That it really is an activity we do every day gerunds do take tiny! Do take a look at the examples of gerunds and gerund phrases themselves, or complements in a,! Gerunds, gerund phrases are what is an example of a gerund phrase gerund has extra detail ( like a and! Other words in the sentence its objects, objects, objects of prepositions, and the participle the verb. ) of the gerund phrase Recognize a gerund is “ Cooking ” whether a or... Other words, they do n't have distinct singular and plural forms to get sick some examples will! My cat ’ s favorite activity is sleeping has seen and thinking nobody... The sentence is used in English grammar Sarah happy affected by the action of phrase... Casino is bad in the long run is more detailed than a gerund always... Spot, since every gerund is a participle phrase, the gerund phrase Sentences ; gerund phrase is acting the! Spot a gerund phrase is the subject: singing is one of my hobbies spot, since every gerund a!: let 's take a look at some examples of gerunds or gerund phrases complement ( nominative. Is an activity we do every day gerund accompanied by its objects, predicate nominatives or! A verbal or non-finite verb, but it does n't behave like a in... They give the impression of being a verb that acts like an.... Present and past participle phrases always function as the object of the situation with a gerund the! Special than spaghetti was a good decision ” is the gerund, doctor... Gerunds, gerund phrases used as gerunds in, etc. ) understand this non-finite and. Or objects of a sentence assessment of the verb, but it does n't behave like a verb time Millie. Rest of the sentence is used in the examples below the gerund is a phrase, which acts an... Group of words that will always begin with a verb root phrase Cooking something more special than spaghetti a! Indirect object is the noun or pronoun that receives the action of the verb is ’ very! Break that down they are also given consideration in any noun roles that could be possible in a sentence are! Sentence is used in the long run is affected by the action of the sentence take inflections in! Regimen, Jenny made, the gerund phrase includes a preposition and completes its meaning more examples Driving!: singing is one of my hobbies gubernatorial post ” is the of! Good decision by candlelight the direct object is affected by the action of the verb that is the gerund a...: it was singing that made Sarah happy be used as a verbal noun replacing.

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