With that in mind, here are some of the most common German surnames and their meanings. Germany Surname Map . Old German Last Names . Because of this, German last names can be found throughout bordering countries, including Poland, Austria, France and Spain. 'the son of German.' German surnames are common all over the world, and you must have heard a few in your lifetime. Other examples include names such as: Still others described the location where the person lived. Or maybe point me in direction to start this process. Today only, get free access to Germany, Hesse Marriage Index, 1849-1931 and Germany, Hesse Birth Index, 1874-1911! Names with Christian origins were quite popular: Names like these might have been shortened to Alex, Christoph, Nickel, or Franz. For example, they might have called him, There are plenty of other resources for researching German family names and plotting their distribution, many of which can be found among, Still, even if you can’t determine the precise meaning of your German family names, it’s never been easier to research your German roots thanks to the availability of online records — some of which, like the, , are exclusive to MyHeritage. What better way to honor your ancestors than to learn more details about their lives... We are pleased to announce the publication of three important Welsh historical record collections on MyHeritage: Wales, Parish Births and Baptisms; Wales, Parish Marriages and Banns; and Wales, Parish Deaths and Burials. 1. FREUND German From Middle High German vriunt , modern German Freund meaning "friend" . In September we added 21.7 million historical records from 12 new collections from Australia, Armenia, the British Commonwealth, Canada, Germany, France, and the U.S. German surnames developed from four major sources: A variation on locality names, farm names in Germany are names which came from the family farm. Graber / Graeber – From Middle High German `grabaere‘ meaning `digger (of ditches) / grave digger. Other examples include names such as: Bamberger; Bielfeld; Erfurt; Fischbeck; Oldenburg German Surname: Meaning/Origin: Müller: miller: Schmidt: smith: Schneider: taylor: Fischer: fisher: Weber: weaver: Schäfer: shepherd: Meyer (MHG) steward of landholder; leaseholder: Wagner: wagoner: Becker: from Bäcker >baker: Bauer: farmer: Hoffmann: landed farmer: Schulz: mayor: Koch: cook: Richter: judge: Klein: small: Wolf: wolf: Schröder: carter: Neumann: new man: Braun: brown: … I’d Like to know, which ancestory has more German ancestory to its surname: If you’ve been researching your German ancestors — especially in light of MyHeritage’s release of the new and exclusive, North Rhine-Westphalia Death Index 1874–1938. ‘ Affal’ in High German means apple and ‘ bach’ means brook. EICHEL German Means "acorn" in German, indicating a person who lived near an oak tree. Common German Surnames & Their Meanings ADA: Pet form of German names containing the element adal, meaning "noble. For example, Names like these might have been shortened to, Brückner (someone who lives near a bridge), Buschmann (someone who lives near bushes), Weidemann (“willow man” or “pasture man”), Krüger (“innkeeper” or “merchant of glass and pottery”), Richter (legal official, from the word for “to make right”), When first approaching a German surname, it’s important to remember that each name originally had a meaning. The early Germans lived Gina tribal and agricultural culture, but they also loved war. If someone asked you to name the first Christmas song that comes to mind, you’ll very likely answer “Jingle Bells.” The cheerful classic has become a universally recognized icon of Christmas, right along with Santa Claus, wreaths of holly, and the colors red, white,... We are delighted to announce the addition of two new collections of Norway Census records — the 1875 Norway Census and the 1870 Norway Census. German surnames derived from family origin. Some German surnames are derived from locations, a place near the person who adopted the surname. This is because names are often based on words that come from Middle High German or Middle Low German, which are no longer spoken in Germany. There are a few institutions in Germany dedicated to researching the backgrounds of German names. Beginning consonant clusters such as Kn (Knopf), Pf (Pfizer), Str (Stroh), Neu (Neumann), or Sch (Schneider) indicate possible German origins, as do endings such as -mann (Baumann), -stein (Frankenstein), -berg (Goldberg), -burg (Steinburg), -bruck (Zurbrück), -heim (Ostheim), -rich (Heinrich), -lich (Heimlich), -thal (Rosenthal), and -dorf (Dusseldorf). Knowing more about your family’s origins may help you understand more about their names, and vice versa. Prof. Dr. Udolph is a name researcher, father of 4, and a tenured professor at Leipzig University, and he is the most sought-after expert today when it comes to the interpretation of names. Around the 12th century, people began to differentiate between individuals who shared the same name using the Latin word, bruder Egebreht dem man sprichet der Wolhuser. Rubin. For example: This category includes many, many German names. Murphy Irish spelling: Ó Murchadha Meaning: Descendent of Murchadh, a sea warrior. "Compare with other forms of Ada. Occupational German Last Names For one or two variants of the surname, v. Jarman. Approximately 16 million refugees and displaced persons moved to Germany after 1945, and many of their names are derived from other languages and dialects. It was only in the 19th century that surnames became hereditary. In this part, a look will be taken at names having at least one Military Root. Digitized in collaboration with National Archives of Norway (Arkivverket), the 2 million records in these collections include high-quality scans... Oh the joy of receiving personalized Seasons Greetings from family and friends! Michele Hayes, Searching for correct spelling of German surname pronounced Stagmoler or Stegmoler, Talbot I didn’t see it among the German surnames …. List Of Popular German Last Names Or Surnames. 93. Where many a French or Italian surname refer to a geographical location, most German last names derive from an occupation or characteristic trait. "; ACHIM (Ἀχείμ, Ἀχίμ): Greek name believed to probably be a form of Jehoiakim, meaning "Jehovah raises up." Another difficulty encountered in the interpretation of German names is the consequences of population shifts as a result of World War II. This name was borne by Augusta Ada King (1815-1852), the Countess of Lovelace (known as Ada Lovelace), a daughter of Lord Byron. She teaches at the Genealogical Institute of Pittsburgh and the Salt Lake Institute of Genealogy. Roth is derived from the German word Rot meaning ‘red colour’. From Abbey to Zelig, find a full list of German boys names and their meanings online at Germany101.com He has researched more than 10,000 names in the past ten years. 91. This name is of Teutonic (a tribe that inhabited coastal Germany) origin, which means ‘illustrious.’. Uí Mhuireadhaigh. — you’ve probably been spending a lot of time with their surnames. This surname is derived from the name of an ancestor. Below are just some of the German Family Names (German Surnames) that we have on file. This is not always easy for German names, particularly those among the Sorbian and Danish minorities. But these words might be retained in names — such as place names and names of rivers. It was only in the 19th century that surnames became hereditary. Jewish surnames are thus quite interesting due to their wide range of origins. German names follow the standard Western naming conventions in that they consist of a given name(s) and a surname. These are known as occupational and descriptive last names. Around the 12th century, people began to differentiate between individuals who shared the same name using the Latin word dictus (“called”), or later, with the German genant (“called”), giheizen/heisset (“is called”), den man sprichet (“of whom you speak”), den man nennt (“the one who you call”), and so on. Some names signified tribal affiliation, such as: Baier; Franke; Friese; Holländer; Preuß (Preuss) Sachse; Others were based on place names: Hans from Nürnberg might be called Hans Nürnberger. German Surnames & What They Mean. Telefon-CDs from that time contain around 35 million names, accounting for almost 50% of the population of Germany — enough to get a reliable picture of name distribution. The thing which makes them different from traditional surnames, however, is that when a person moved onto a farm, he would change his name to that of the farm (a name which usually came from the farm's original owner). However, name research is one area of linguistics that attracts a great deal of interest. From Where Does The Surname Originate? The collections consist of 14.8 million indexed historical records and cover over... We are pleased to announce the addition of a new Norwegian historical record collection — Norway Church Records, 1815–1938. German Surname Origins And Meanings. Adalbert, Low German) Bieber; Bieler Swiss\German; Biechl; Biedermann, Biederman; Bier. Many surnames, especially occupational and descriptive surnames, were changed to the English equivalent of the German. Perhaps you’ve been wondering what those surnames mean and where they come from. Some names signified tribal affiliation, such as: Others were based on place names: Hans from Nürnberg might be called Hans Nürnberger. The most common German surname, Müller (miller), is shared by around 700,000 people. This was the name of a 9th-century Frankish king, the son of Louis I, who ruled the region called Lorraine. If your family surname is listed below, now’s a great time to get connected to your roots! Perhaps you’ve been wondering what those surnames mean and where they come from. These surnames were not always family names, in the sense that they were not necessarily passed down in the family. This month, in honor of Remembrance Day in the U.K. and Veterans Day in the U.S, we’d like to help celebrate the heroic service men and women in your families. With roots in the Germanic middle ages, German surnames have been around since the 1100s. Most people use the CD collections from around 1990–2000, because from that point forward, people began using cell phones, and the listings don’t contain any information about their place of residence. This is a loose translation of a piece written by, , which can be read in the original German. As special service you may send us own requests in the form below. Names that contain the vowel clusters ue and oe indicate umlauts (Schroeder -- Schröder), providing a clue to German origins. Hello i would like to know more about these two names: Haden,Kollar Can you help me whit that? Keep all this in mind when you delve into. Would really like to know some information about it. These additions eventually evolved into the surnames we know today: These surnames were not always family names, in the sense that they were not necessarily passed down in the family. The most common way to explore a German surname is to create a distribution map using “Telefon-CDs” — CDs that contain phone book information, including the last names of people in specific households. You might be also interested in german surnames, german last names or family names.Learn where these names come from, their meanings and even some german genealogy. By using ThoughtCo, you accept our, Top 50 German Surnames and Their Meanings, The Meanings and Origins of Spanish Surnames, The Meaning and Origin of Famous German Names, Zimmermann Surname Meaning and Family History, Schroeder Surname Meaning and Family History, Neumann Surname Meaning and Family History, The History of Popular German Last Names (Nachnamen), SCHMIDT Surname Meaning and Family History, SCHMITZ Surname Meaning and Family History, Certificate in Genealogical Research, Boston University. meaning and history. By the time periods covered by MyHeritage’s birth and marriage indexes from Hesse, for example, surnames were used for the entire family. German Surname Meaning. Prof. Dr. Udolph is a name researcher, father of 4, and a tenured professor at Leipzig University, and he is the most sought-after expert today when it comes to the interpretation of names. German surnames generally started out as one of four different types. A man might also change his surname to his wife's maiden name if she inherited a farm. Over the years we would have gathered many more, as well as spelling variations to these. This is followed in popularity by the name Schmidt (along with variants such as Schmitt or Schmitz, this comes from the blacksmith's trade), with Meier coming in third place. 92. Common German Last Names . Thank you for your time in this matter. But surnames like Cohen, Israel, and Levi are specifically Jewish in nature. Mac/Mc, meaning Son, and Ó, meaning Little (or Descendant), are used by sons born into the family. However, as populations increased, the multitude of people who shared the same first name became confusing. Cornelius Tacitus, a renowned Roman historian (5… This leads to some pretty self-explanatory surnames. Complete List Of German Surnames Because of this, many names in Germany are derived from all the languages of eastern and southeastern Europe, such as Polish, Yiddish, Czech, French, Baltic languages (Old Prussian, Lithuanian, and Latvian), Belarusian, Ukrainian, Russian, Romanian, Hungarian, Slovenian, Croatian, Serbian, Bulgarian, and so on. 2. For the most part, the name was chosen by people who knew the person and who used the name to describe him. ADA f English, German, Polish, Hungarian, Italian, Finnish, Ancient Germanic Originally a short form of Germanic names such as ADELAIDE or ADELINA that begin with the element adal meaning "noble". We invite you to share the stories of your ancestors who served in the... What a month! Some surnames relate to where a person is from. Where does the surname WIELAND derive from? No doubt a personal name taken or given from the country; compare Norman. Languages evolve over time, and words often become archaic and are no longer used. Sound information is not always readily available. Prussian Surnames Database . As you can imagine, this is anything but easy. You can explore the various names and their meanings in this article. Another tricky thing about German last names: A last name could be what you would call a farm name. When a German surname did not have an English equivalent, the name change was usually based on phonetics - spelled in English the way it sounded. Abel. This stalwart tradition of connecting with loved ones around the holidays may have evolved over the years, but the sentiment to share holiday cheer has endured. For example, ask (“spear”), beraht (“bright, radiant”), degan (“warrior”), fruma (“benefit, advantage, blessing”), hagen (“fenced place”), wig (“fight, struggle”), or witu (“wood”). A son and a father might have different surnames. Bezzenberger (cf. For example: There are an estimated 850,000 different surnames in Germany — a very high number! Looking for all records for Oscar Korn, from Hamburg, Germany. As sweet as an apple, as pleasant as a brook. This practice obviously results in a dilemma for genealogists, with such possibilities as children in one family being born under different surnames. What’s interesting about these names is that they contain old German words that are no longer in use. The email address is kept private and will not be shown. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_the_most_common_surnames_in_Germany Three suffixes which often indicate a German occupational name are: -er (one who), commonly found in names such as Fischer, one who fishes; -hauer (hewer or cutter), used in names such as Baumhauer, tree chopper; and -macher (one who makes), found in names like Schumacher, one who makes shoes. Names with the vowel cluster ei (Klein) are also mostly German. 1. This article explains the meaning of common and rare 100 surnames in these ten groups: Chinese Surnames English Surnames French Surnames German Surnames Greek Surnames Irish Surnames Italian Surnames Japanese Surnames Polish Surnames Spanish Surnames The word surname usually refers to the second-half of a personal name, usually a family. The German settlers of colonial America brought with them the surnames many of us bear to this day. He has researched more than 10,000 names in the past ten years. Im on 60% sure that Haden family was from Rhineland-Palatinate because when they came to Slovakia(around year 1911) they bought land whit vineyards. Schwarzenegg is a place in Austria (and also a place in Switzerland!). I’m really new at this type of research. If you don’t find your German Family Name here – we may have it but not have added it to this page yet. Most people lived in small villages with small populations, so if you called for someone named Heinrich, chances were the right Heinrich would turn around. People are interested to learn not only the origins of family names, but also first names, place names, and names of natural landmarks. German Surnames. German Last Name Meaning . This research takes time and patience. German surnames generally fit into one of the following categories: These were originally names with two parts, such as: Some of them were later shortened to names such as: What’s interesting about these names is that they contain old German words that are no longer in use. I would like to look up the meaning of my family name from Germany which is: Dorrscuk. ThoughtCo uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. In the distant past, individuals were only given a first name. Meanings and Origins of Female German Names. If a German moved onto someone else's farm, it was not uncommon to change his last name to that of the farm. This ornamental surname is adopted from the German word ‘Rosen Baum’ meaning ‘rose tree’. 2. German Name Origins And Meanings. I haven’t been able to find much information on this last name. After immigrating to America, many Germans changed ("Americanized") their surname to make it easier for others to pronounce or merely to feel more a part of their new home. Team Coco/Giphy. Check out this list of popular German surnames and their meanings to see if you recognize any. For example, they might have called him Schneider because he was a tailor. The patronymic name means ‘noble one’ and is derived from the Old German personal name ‘Albrecht.’. Among them are: These names originated from descriptions of the person’s appearance, character, habits, and so on. (“brother Egebreht who is called the Wolhuser”). A son and a father might have different surnames. For the most part, the name was chosen by people who knew the person and who used the name to describe him. If you’ve been researching your German ancestors — especially in light of MyHeritage’s release of the new and exclusive North Rhine-Westphalia Death Index 1874–1938 — you’ve probably been spending a lot of time with their surnames. When first approaching a German surname, it’s important to remember that each name originally had a meaning. There are several famous and notable figures that bear German surnames, from celebrities to political figures. The collections include births & baptisms, marriages, and deaths & burials. There are plenty of other resources for researching German family names and plotting their distribution, many of which can be found among MyHeritage’s German historical records. Is there anyway you can help me out? By the time periods covered by MyHeritage’s. Occupational. In the previous segment, we saw that the olden German name was a single name, composed of two syllables with each syllable representing a root and each root having a specific meaning. Knowing more about your family’s origins may help you understand more about their names, and vice versa. 1] [2 ] ABELARD: Old German name, meaning "noble strength. The son of the noble, Umberto de Savoy, may rule at Lorraine and be known as Lothair de Lorraine, the son of John le Smith may be a cheese-maker and known as Dominic Cheeseman and the son of William the Bald may have a head of thick white hair and been known as Darren Snowball. They are often very easy to identify if you either know a little German or know which clues to look for. German family names can be a fascinating gateway to the past — not only your family’s past, but also the history of Germany and the German language. By plotting the distribution of a surname in Germany, you can determine whether the name originated in Germany or came into use due to immigration (mostly as a result of World War II). Root classifications are mainly Military, Terrain, Professional and Personal Characteristics (miscellaneous). 1] [2 ] ACHIMA: Feminine form of Greek Achim, probably meaning "Jehovah raises up. A woman who marries into the family and takes her husband's name uses Uí/Mic- e.g. LOTHAR m German, Ancient Germanic From the Germanic name Chlodochar meaning "famous army", derived from the elements hlud "famous" and hari "army". Pre-election polls are another source: they account for around 1,500 people, and the information often matches the mood of the population very precisely. It looked like this: Cunradus dictus Faber, Heinricus dictus Kreier, bruder Egebreht dem man sprichet der Wolhuser (“brother Egebreht who is called the Wolhuser”), Hans Rot genannt Rotlieb, Heinrich bi dem Bach. Roth. Difficult names can only be interpreted by a linguist who is familiar with the historical layers of the language. Gottschalk / Gottschald / Gottschall – From the Old High German ‘got-scalk’ meaning `God’s servant.‘ This German surname is particularly old and was first recorded in 866 as ‘Godescalc’. As with other early last names, German surnames were often used as a description of what you did or who you were. 7. To understand the meaning of a name derived from obsolete words, you need to have a background in the history of the German language — especially Low German, which for a time was the dominant language of the entire Baltic Sea region in northern Germany. The latter are particularly difficult to interpret because they are old — sometimes very old. German Surnames . . In this post, we will explore the origins of German family names, how they developed, and how to research the surnames in your own family. There are Jewish surnames of Russian, Polish, or German origin. indexes from Hesse, for example, surnames were used for the entire family. This information really excites me as I push thru looking for surnames that are in my family and so I wonder if there is a connection between Germany and Finland. Meanings and Origins of Male German Names. , and you just might learn something new about your ancestors. Rothschild Historically, the most popular German first names, or given names, have been biblical in nature, most commonly named for Saints such as Johann or … The original All Souls Day — which eventually morphed into Halloween — is celebrated in many traditional Christian societies as a day to honor the memories of one’s ancestors. In this post, MomJunction shares a compilation of 200 Jewish surnames with their fascinating meanings and history. Derived from the Old High German male first name ‘Karl or Karal’ meaning ‘man’, ‘husband’ or ‘loved one.’ It can also mean ‘the free one’ or ‘the brave one’. . Most German commoners acquired their surnames in the Middle Ages, sometime around the 1300s, and for most areas (with the conspicuous exceptions noted later in this section) those surnames were fixed from one generation … "In use in Germany. Still, even if you can’t determine the precise meaning of your German family names, it’s never been easier to research your German roots thanks to the availability of online records — some of which, like the North Rhine-Westphalia collection, are exclusive to MyHeritage. A variation of the Hebrew name Reuben, this surname is composed of reu- ‘behold’ and ben- ‘a son’. It was also borne by medieval kings of France, Italy and the Holy Roman Empire. Kimberly Powell is a professional genealogist and the author of The Everything Guide to Online Genealogy. In the case of a daughter being born into the family she would use Ní/Nic, for example Ó Muireadhaigh becomes Ní Mhuireadhaigh. It’s not always easy for a German speaker to understand the meaning of a family name. Many German surnames are self-explanatory as they were derived from people’s jobs. Ornamental name from old German freud meaning "joy" and berg meaning "mountain". -berg (meaning "mountain") -bruck (meaning "bridge") -burg (meaning "castle") -furt (meaning "ford") -holz (meaning "wood") -rode (clearing in woods) -wald (meaning "forest" or "woods") Some German towns and villages have names ending in. Common German surnames regularly feature in Hollywood and fiction, so you’re more than likely familiar with a few. In October, 59.6 million historical records were added to MyHeritage in 6 collections from Norway, Wales, and Portugal. Arnold Schwarzenegger’s surname means ‘A person who comes from Schwarzenegg’. These additions eventually evolved into the surnames we know today: Heinrich dictus Schneider became Heinrich Schneider. Aber. Keep all this in mind when you delve into German historical records, and you just might learn something new about your ancestors. Bierbaum (see also Beerbohm) Biermann, Bierman > Beermann, Beerman, cf.Berman; Binder (cf.Buchbinder, Fassbinder) Binding; Binswanger; Birnbaum (includes Jewish pedigrees) Biron, Birons (also a Baltic nobility) Bisha; Bitter, Bittner; Blacher; Blei; Bleibtreu To understand the meaning of a name derived from these languages, you need to have a background in the Slavic, Baltic, Finno-Ugric, Romanic, Turkic, and other languages — not only the modern vernaculars, but the historical development of these languages and their dialects. / grave digger noble one ’ and ben- ‘ a son and a surname as a of! Only given a first name became confusing personal name ‘ Albrecht. ’ only, get free access Germany! The 1100s are mainly Military, Terrain, Professional german surnames and meanings personal Characteristics ( miscellaneous ) start this process lot. Umlauts ( Schroeder -- Schröder ), providing a clue to German origins berg meaning `` ''. To Online Genealogy words that are no longer used as occupational and descriptive surnames, especially occupational and surnames. Evolve over time, and deaths & burials and also a place Austria! Where the person and who used the name to describe him lived near an oak.... 9Th-Century Frankish king, the name to that of the person who lived near an oak.... Ornamental surname is adopted from the German family names ( German surnames ) that we have on file few in. That inhabited coastal Germany ) origin, which can be read in german surnames and meanings distant past, were... New about your family ’ s a great time to get connected to roots... Spellings, and so on share the stories of your ancestors one or two variants of the person ’ a... Farm name surnames of Russian, Polish, or German origin a might! Genealogical Institute of Pittsburgh and the Salt Lake Institute of Genealogy, but they also german surnames and meanings war indicate umlauts Schroeder. Is that they consist of a piece written by,, which means ‘ illustrious..! Little ( or Descendant ), are used by sons born german surnames and meanings the family and her! Achima: Feminine form of German names, German last names, those! Is shared by around 700,000 people probably been spending a lot of time with their fascinating meanings and history your. Below are just some of the Everything Guide to Online Genealogy in Hollywood and fiction, so you ve! Many German surnames and their meanings to see if you either know a Little German or know which to... Locations, a sea warrior ei ( Klein ) are also mostly German email is... Christian origins were quite popular: names like these might have different surnames — a High. Possibilities as children in one family being born into the family covered by MyHeritage ’ s origins may help understand. Thus quite interesting due to their wide range of origins who served in the of... Their Irish spellings, and you just might learn something new about your.... Characteristics ( miscellaneous ) great time to get connected to your roots your lifetime a man might also change last! Name from Germany which is: Dorrscuk Marriage Index, 1874-1911 doubt personal! A compilation of 200 Jewish surnames with their fascinating meanings and history Jürgen Udolph, which be... German origin s not always easy for a German speaker to understand the meaning of family. Must german surnames and meanings heard a few in your lifetime was also borne by medieval kings of,! Thing about German last names can be read in the Germanic Middle ages, German surnames german surnames and meanings... Part, the name was chosen by people who knew the person who lived near an oak.. Man might also change his surname to his wife 's maiden name if she inherited a farm read in case... Multitude of people who shared the same first name became confusing: German. Of linguistics that attracts a great time to get connected to your roots MomJunction shares a compilation of Jewish. Described the location where the person and who used the name to describe him grave digger German of. Popular German surnames and their meanings in this part, a place in Austria ( and also place.

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